Naturally, there is a lot of positivity being employed. Psychodynamic types work to replace over-used defense mechanisms with reality and truth. It is believed that these mechanisms hurt far more than they help and that one must push past them by working through them. Counselor and client work through the negative to get to a better state (positive).
As a reiki master and an empath, there is a constant look for and nod to the positive. As a L.P.C. (Licensed, professional counselor) in the making, an overview of therapeutic types was just completed. What has stuck out is the fact that so many of these types are either in pursuit of a positive outcome, or rely on the concepts of positivity to enrich a client's life.
Each problem is tainted and changed by that individual's own history and way of viewing or perceiving his or her own problem. psychcentral.com/therapy.htmFor example, narrative therapy is one involving very few sessions (on the norm) where client and counselor act as co-collaborators. The client tells the therapist a story about his/her life. The counselor listens. He/she listens for exceptions to the story (these are events which could go better with the invention of positive outcomes). He/she also listens for parts of the story which were emotionally present, but, not discussed. Most of the techniques involved require a type of questioning or listening, as this is the primary content of a client session(s). The treatment goal is for the client's stories to become more positive as sessions progressive.